Galuga Reborn!

June 6th, 2013
beluga on fire
Like the mighty phoenix, Galuga is rebo-- hey, anybody else suddenly hankering for S'mores?

Nothing impedes more evolution than a working prototype. Don’t believe me? Just ask the coelacanth.

In the same optic, a long time ago I had the itch to create my own blog engine and, after some late night hacking, Galuga was born. Based on Catalyst and using a git repository backend mixed with a database cache, it proved to be a very satisfying piece of software. Of course, a hacker’s heart is a fickle thing and, as time passed, I began to dream of additional features and refactoring. But,it was working, so there was no rush…

So I began to leisurely poke and play, and more and more the rewrite of Galuga became less about the blog engine itself, and more about experimentation and Proof-of-Concepting new technologies. First I intended to migrate to Dancer, but then Dancer2 came along, so it was a perfect opportunity to see how it would fare with a real application. But the plugins I needed weren’t ported to Dancer 2 yet, so I had to look into that. While I was at it, I could definitively use that Template::Caribou that I keep rehashing. And, hey, how about making the database cache a little easier to use? And how about the grooming of entries, is there a Perl equivalent of jQuery that I could leverage…?

Fast-forward to now, and the new incarnation of Galuga that just rendered that blog entry for you sits is the tip of an iceberg-sized stack that contains an alarming high ratio of mad experiments and home-grown follies. For your amusement, and as a warning to future generations, here’s a brief overview of the whole shebang, as well as notes and lessons I learned (or refused to) along the way.

The Entries Repository

Something I absolutely wanted to retain from the original Galuga design is the use of a Git repository for the blog entries. Basically, each entry is a directory in which a file entry contains the text of the entry plus its metadata, written in a semi-YAML format:

title: Galuga Reborn!
url: galuga-reborn
format: markdown
created: 2013-06-07
    - Perl
    - galuga

Nothing impedes more evolution than a working prototype. Don't believe
me? Just ask the coelacanth. 

Nicely easy to edit manually, and equally easy to parse. All good stuff.

Churn the Entries Into Cached Objects

Those files in the Git repository (which are accessed via Git::Repository, an always reliable workhorse) are great for the editing phase, but for the web application they don’t really cut it as we need to sorting, and searching, and all that database-type kind of stuff. At first, I did the obvious and created a small database schema that would be accessed via DBIx::Class (interfaced with Dancer2::Plugin::DBIC, natch). But then I went for something something a little more simple: DBIx::NoSQL::Store::Manager, a Moose-aware thin layer on top of DBIx::NoSQL, which is itself a module that turns a SQLite database into a NoSQL store (.. okay, so maybe I should have put quotes around that ‘simple’ over there). Seriously, though, that module footprint on a regular Moose object is minimal:

package Galuga::Store::Model::Entry;

use Moose;

with 'DBIx::NoSQL::Store::Manager::Model';

has "path" => (
    traits => [ 'StoreIndex' ],
    isa => 'Str',
    is => 'ro',
    required => 1,

has "uri" => (
    traits => [ 'StoreKey' ],
    isa => 'Str',
    is => 'ro',

has created => (
    traits => [ 'StoreIndex' ],
    isa => 'DateTime',
    is => 'ro',

has "sha1" => (

has "title" => (
    isa => 'Str',
    is => 'ro',

and yet those traits are sufficient to populate the entry store in a way that allows me to query the entries via the attributes that I care about:

# create a new entry
$store->create( Entry => ( path => $k ) )->store;

# then later on
my $entry = $store->get( Entry => $uri );

# and also
my @entries = $store->search('Entry')->order_by('created DESC')->all;

To make things even more interesting, DBIx::NoSQL actually uses DBIx::Class under the hood to create the object store and its indexes, so there is room for some dark, twisty magic in there if the need ever arise. However, a word of caution: while the search functionality is supposed to support limit(), it currently bombs if such a clause is used. It’s reasonable to assume that a patch will be submitted in a not too distant future.

Oh, and I know what you think: ”geez, that object storage mechanism sounds a lot like KiokuDB”. You’re not wrong at all. In fact, at some point I might push the insanity a notch further and change the Git::Repository / DBIx::NoSQL::Store::Manager combo for a GitStore / KiokuDB amalgam. But… that’s something for another day.

Text Transmutation

For the parsing of the text, I went with Text::MultiMarkdown, which is not as fast as the original Text::Markdown, but does provide some additional markups that I fancy.

Talking of additional markups: further munging of the text is done via Web::Query, a Perl-space equivalent of jQuery. The module is still young and a tad raw, but already works better (or at least did for me) than pQuery. With it, it’s pretty easy to implement text shortcuts, like having

Galuga 2

be inflated to

<a href="" 
    title="Release Galuga 2, based on Dancer.">Galuga 2</a>

via something looking like:

my $doc = Web::Query->new( 
    markdown( $text, { document_format => 'complete' } ) 

# the []() to <a> tag conversion is dealt with by 
# Markdown proper

    my $href = $_->attr('href');

    return unless $href =~ s#^play-perl:(.*)#$1#;
    my $sha1 = $1;

    $_->attr( href => $href );
    $_->attr( class => $_->attr('class') . ' play_perl' );

    my $quest = eval { JSON::decode_json LWP::Simple::get
    } or return;

    $_->attr( title => $quest->{name} ) unless $_->attr('title');
    $_->text( $quest->{name} ) unless $_->text;

The Dancing Core

The web application logic itself is minimal. So far, only three distinct actions exist: the display of entries, the listing of all entries and the generation of the feeds. I suspect that things will grow in the future, but at the moment, a simple Dancer2 app module augmented by Dancer2::Plugin::Feed is all that it takes to put that show on the road…

The Pyrotechnical Department

… although that is not totally true, as there is still the rendering of the information into web pages that remains to be done. That’s dealt with with my very own sliiightly wacky Template::Caribou (and Dancer2::Template::Caribou).

While the template system still has its quirky edges (I’m still trying to find an elegant way to have tag declarations percolate everywhere relevant), it already support dancer-type layouts and make for very clean template bits. To wit, this is the inner.bou template for this very page:

div { attr class => "blog_entry"; 

    h1 { $self->entry->title };

    div { attr class => 'entry_times';
        span { "created: ". $self->entry->created->strftime("%B %e, %Y") };

        span { 
            ", last updated: ". $self->entry->last_updated->strftime("%B %e, %Y")
        } if $self->entry->last_updated 
            and $self->entry->last_updated->truncate( to => 'day' )
                ->compare( $self->entry->created->truncate( to => 'day' ) );

    print ::RAW $self->entry->html_body;


Not To Forget The Watchman

To monitor the whole thing, I tried my hand with Ubic, which I have to say is very nice. With the plugin Ubic::Service::Plack, setting the service for a Dancer app is delightfully trivial:

use parent qw(Ubic::Service::Plack);
    server => 'Starman',
    app => '/home/galuga/Galuga/bin/',
    server_args => {
        port => 5000,
    port => 5000,
    user => 'galuga',
    env => { 
        DANCER_ENVIRONMENT => 'production' 
    ubic_log => '/var/log/techblog/ubic.log',
    stdout   => '/var/log/techblog/stdout.log',
    stderr   => '/var/log/techblog/stderr.log',

The Experiment Is Nowhere Over…

… but for the moment I’ll take great relish in claim this particular quest a success.

Updates, mind you, are indubitably going to appear before long. Until then, as usual, the code is on GitHub. For peeps who were using Galuga First Generation (hi Tommy!): don’t be too horrified: I created a first_generation branch so that it’s possible to reroute around my… innovations.